All lectures will be held in
            Town Council Room 106           


SaturdayMarch 18

 10:00 am - 11:30 am

Gerry Ehrhardt

The General Crook Trail
The Crook Trail was originally an historic and probable prehistoric Indian route through the Verde Valley. It connected with other Indian trails that went east into the Tonto Basin and on to the Mogollon Rim, and west to the Prescott Valley and Black Mountain Canyon. An early predecessor to Crook, In 1868, General Devin led a military expedition into the Tonto Basin to record a trail that became known as the Camp Verde – Camp Apache Trail that Crook followed on his 1871 inaugural trip across the Mogollon Rim.

Ehrhardt has been a major supporter of the Coconino National Forest and Museum of Northern Arizona research projects. Ehrhardt's contributions to research projects such as Sacred Mountain, in the Beaver Creek drainage, and Honanki, northwest of Sedona, have been invaluable. He assisted Pilles and Wilcox as they worked to document the archaeology of previously unexplored corners of the Sedona area. They were working to refine the knowledge of the cultural resources of Perry Mesa. In 2007, Ehrhardt was named the Avocational Archaeologist of the Year by the Governor's Archaeology Advisory Commission during presentations at the Historic Preservation Conference in Prescott, Arizona.

 Noon - 1:30

Dr. Todd Bostwick
The Verde Salt Mine: Ancient and Historic Salt Mining in Camp Verde

Salt has been a valuable trade item throughout human history. Native American salt procurement in the Southwest involved dangerous journeys across sacred landscapes associated with a deity called Salt Woman. This presentation describes the history of a famous salt mine in Camp Verde, Arizona, where prehistoric Sinagua tools used for mining salt were discovered in the 1920s by historic miners deep inside tunnels dug into a thick, fresh-water salt deposit. Numerous photographs are shown of these well-preserved, 700-year old tools to illustrate the story of this unusual discovery.  Comparisons are made with other Native American salt mines in the Southwest.

Dr. Todd Bostwick has conducted archaeological research in the Southwest for 36 years. He was the Phoenix City Archaeologist for 21 years at Pueblo Grande Museum, and is currently the Director of Archaeology at the Verde Valley Archaeology Center. He has an MA in Anthropology and a PhD in History from Arizona State University (ASU), and taught classes at both ASU and Northern Arizona University for more than seven years. He has been an Arizona Humanities Scholar on several projects, and has published numerous books and articles on Southwest archaeology and history. Dr. Bostwick has received awards from the Arizona Archaeological Society, National Park Service, City of Phoenix, and the Arizona Governor’s Office.

 2:00 pm - 3:30 pm Michel Zajac, Arizona State University
Reconstructing the Lupanar: Form, Design, and Operation of Pompeii's Purpose-Built Brothel

Despite being the only universally-recognized building for prostitution from the ancient Roman world, the purpose-built brothel (lupanar) of Pompeii remains a misunderstood structure. Modern research has painted an incomplete picture of the edifice, with nearly all emphasis being assigned to its sexually-explicit aspects while its other details are ignored. This is especially true in regard to its rarely-seen second floor, a segment that has almost no scholastic record of study. Through a careful examination of the remaining physical and archaeological evidence, this talk shall reconstruct the lupanar as an economic enterprise embedded in a larger urban fabric, generating a more comprehensive illustration of this thus-far unique construction.

Michel "Mike" Zajac is an independent scholar who has taught at Arizona State University and throughout the Maricopa Community College system since 2009. He holds a B.I.S. degree in Art History and Psychology (summa cum laude) and an M.A. in Art History, both from ASU. He conducted his graduate fieldwork at Pompeii, and has worked as a researcher and excavator for six seasons at the Greco-Roman site of Marion / Arsinoe in Cyprus. He is the former Secretary of the Archaeological Institute of America's Central Arizona Society.

Sunday, March 19  

 10:00 am - 11:30 am

Dr. Tedd Neff, U.S. Forest Service Archaeologist

Grand Archaeology: Excavation and Discovery along the Colorado River in the Grand Canyon Grand
Canyon River Corridor Archaeology Project is a partnership between the National Park Service (NPS) and the Museum of Northern Arizona (MNA) that undertook archaeological excavations at nine sites along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park between 2006 and 2009. The project generated a wealth of data. In this talk I will provide a project overview and focus on the Late Archaic Period (3000 – 1000 B.C.) and Puebloan Period (specifically A.D. 1070 – 1155) settlement patterns and paleofloods.

Ted Neff is the Archaeologist for the Red Rock Ranger District of the Coconino National Forest in Sedona, AZ.  Prior to working for the Forest Service, he was with the National Park Service at Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, the Museum of Northern Arizona, and the Navajo Nation Archaeology Department.  Ted earned a MA from Rutgers University and a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania.  His research and practice interests include geoarchaeology, settlement patterns, and heritage resource management.

 Noon - 1:30 pm
Dennis Gilpin, PaleoWest
The Cavates of Cosmos Mindeleff: Smithsonian Architects Victor and Cosmos Mindeleff
and the Study of Pueblo Architecture, 1881-1900

  In 1881 the Smithsonian Institution sent 21-year-old architect Victor Mindeleff to the Southwest to study Pueblo architecture. For the next 15 years, Victor and his younger brother Cosmos would continue to examine ancient and existing Pueblo architecture in the Southwest. In 1891 Victor would produce a report called A Study of Pueblo Architecture in Tusayan and Cibola (that is, Hopi and Zuni), which was the first professional study of Pueblo architecture, and ranks as one of the classics of anthropological literature. Cosmos would build models of more than 20 pueblos and pueblo ruins that would be exhibited at the Smithsonian and at World Fairs and other expositions. Victor and Cosmos were among the first scholars to explore sites in the Flagstaff area, and were certainly the first to examine the ancient buildings as architecture. The Mindeleffs developed a relationship with the Riordans, which is documented in the Special Collections at the Northern Arizona University Cline Library.

Dennis Gilpin carries more than 30 years of experience with all phases of archaeology. He has directed archaeological testing and data recovery at Paleo-Indian, Archaic, Pueblo, Navajo, and Euroamerican sites. He is particularly adept with Archaic period archaeology, Pueblo architecture, prehistoric agriculture, and historical archaeology. He is well known for his discoveries of early maize in the Chinle Valley, his research on the Chacoan system and the transition to modern Puebloan settlement, and his studies in Navajo archaeology and history. Also a highly regarded applied ethnographer, Dennis has conducted ethnographic research and tribal consultation among dozens of tribes in the western U.S. A past Registrar of Professional Archaeologists, Dennis serves as Senior Archaeologist, Ethnographer, and Historian in our Flagstaff, Arizona office.

 2:00 pm - 3:30 pm

Dr. Jaime José Awe, Northern Arizona University and the Belize Valley Archaeological Reconnaissance Project

Human Response to Environmental Stress and the Collapse of Ancient Maya Civilization
In spite of more than a century of archaeological research in the Maya area, the reasons for the “collapse” of this civilization, or whether the collapse even took place, continues to be debated and contested by Mesoamerican archaeologists. No matter what position one takes in the debate, however, there are certain truisms that we cannot, and should not, ignore. One of these undeniable axioms is that there was widespread depopulation and subsequent abandonment of almost all major cities in the central Maya lowlands. In this paper, I argue that these eventual abandonments represent just one of several social, political and economic responses to the environmental stressors that likely led to the decline of Maya civilization. Comparisons are also made with recorded responses to similar situations in other parts of the world.

Dr. Jaime José Awe is a Belizean archaeologist who specializes in the ancient Maya. He is an Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Northern Arizona University, and the Director of the Belize Valley Archaeological Reconnaissance Project.